Nicholas II, Tsar, and his family, Royal martyrs - tsarina Alexandra, Crown prince Alexis, and Grand-duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia

Dates of commemoration

Feb 05

(Church calendar – Jan 23) Synaxis of All Saints of Kostroma

Feb 05

(Church calendar - Jan 23) Synaxis of Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia (movable feast on Sunday, January 25th, if the date falls on a Sunday; in the previous Sunday, when January 25th falls on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday;  or the subsequent Sunday, if January 25th falls on Thursday, Friday or Saturday.

Feb 11

(Church calendar – Jan 29) Synaxis of All Saints of Yekaterinburg

Jun 25

(Church calendar - Jun 12) Synaxis of Saints of St. Petersburg (movable feast on the 3rd Sunday of Pentecost)

Jul 17

(Church calendar - Jul 4) Day of martyric death

Life

Saint Nicholas, the last Russian Tsar, was born in 1868. As a child, he was very religious, guileless and free from malice.

Nicholas II was crowned as Tsar in 1894, following the death of his father Tsar Alexander. He began his reign with lofty hopes for peace, urging other nations to reduce the size of their armies, and to seek the peaceful settlement of international disputes. The Peace Conference at the Hague in 1899 laid the groundwork for the League of Nations and the United Nations.

He married Princess Alice of Hesse, who converted to Orthodoxy and took the name Alexandra. Their children were Olga (1895), Tatiana (1897), Maria (1899), Anastasia (1901), and Alexis (1904).

The glorification of Saint Seraphim of Sarov took place on July 19, 1903, and Tsar Nicholas attended the ceremonies at Sarov with his family. At that time he was given a letter written by Saint Seraphim more than seventy years before, which seemed to disturb him. Although the Sovereign never revealed the letter’s contents, it is believed that it was a prophecy of the bloodshed that would engulf Russia in less than fifteen years.

Saint Nicholas was executed by the Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg on July 4, 1918 along with his family and servants. The prisoners were awakened late at night and ordered to get dressed for travel. They went down to the cellar of the home in which they were being held, waiting for the word to leave. The Tsar sat on a chair in the middle of the room holding his son Alexis in his lap, while his wife and daughters stood around them.

The executioners entered the room and read out the order for their execution. Saints Nicholas and Alexandra died under the hail of bullets, but the children did not die right away. They were stabbed and clubbed with the butts of rifles. Their bodies were taken to an abandoned mine, cut into pieces, then piled in front of the mine. Sulphur and gasoline were poured on the bloody mound and set on fire. When the fire went out two days later, whatever remained of the bodies was thrown into the mine and grenades were tossed into it. Then the ground was plowed so that no trace of the disposal of the bodies remained.

Source:

https://oca.org/saints/lives/2017/07/17/103789-passion-bearer-tsar-nicholas

Holy relic type

unless specified otherwise below, "holy relic" means a fragment of a bone of the saint

1. Holy relics of the royal martyrs - Tsar Nicholas, Tsarina Alexandra, princesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, prince Alexis.
2. Fragment of a brick from the Ipatiev House
3. Fragment of a dress of tsarina Alexandra
4. Fragment of a brick from the Ipatiev House
5. Stone from the "open" mine (the term by the investigator Sokolov)
6. Soil from a place of concealment of the remains of the slain
7. A piece of wood from the cover at the place of concealment

Location of the holy relic in the Cathedral:

1-3. Icon of the Royal martyrs on an analogion next to the north wall of the nave, west side
4-7. Relics cabinet in the Altar sacristy, reliquary #9

Icon

Troparion

Tone 1
Most noble and sublime was your life and death, O Sovereigns; / Wise Nicholas and blest Alexandra, we praise you, / Acclaiming your piety, meekness, faith, and humility, / Whereby you attained to crowns of glory in Christ our God, / With your five renowned and godly children of blessed fame. / O passion-bearers decked in purple, intercede for us.

Kontakion

Tone 2
Royalty and martyrdom were joined together, O blessed ones, / In your death for righteousness and right belief, O wise Sovereigns, / Nicholas and Alexandra, with your five children. / Hence, Christ our God counted you worthy of thrones in Heaven; / And with twofold crowns of glory, / You reign forever, adorned with grace divine.

Address of our Cathedral

  • 4001 17th St. N.W.,
  • Washington, D.C., 20011

Phone  (202) 726-3000

Email        webmaster@stjohndc.org

 

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